At the same time, some barriers to change are emerging. We have heard much in the past about an apparent reluctance to share ideas and resources , and also about restrictive policies on copyright ownership. However, a more complex picture is now emerging, together with a more mature attitude to the benefits of open practice. This change has been supported (and perhaps also stimulated) by the work of Jisc, and also the interest of the devolved governments in Scotland and Wales. It may be that the time has been better for those of us who wish to raise awareness of OER, and to build capacity to work in open ways.
We will discuss some of the common features of some successful approaches, and consider whether these can be formalised into specific critical success factors. In the course of our analysis, we will also consider the importance of the wider environment. In this context, we will address questions such as ‘Are robust national and institutional policies necessary for success?’ and ‘Do professional online communities help to support open practice?’